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January 17 2020

sciencedomaininternational

Influence of Sublethal Temperatures on Some Spore-forming and Vegetative Foodborne Bacteria and Impact on Hygienic Quality of the “Foléré” (Hibiscus sabdariffa) Beverage

Aims: “Foléré” beverage is a refreshing locally made drink much appreciated by the populations of the hottest parts of Cameroon. This paper aims at investigating microbial contamination of “Foléré” beverage and highlights impact of the sublethal temperatures on the hygienic quality the beverage.

Study Design: Design used for describing physicochemical and microbial profile is a random sampling and for impact of sublethal temperature on hygienic quality, we used food matrix simulations.

Place and Duration of Study: Samples: Local markets, between August 2018 and June 2019.

Methodology: The sample pH and soluble solids content were recorded using portables devices. Microbial analysis focused on total aerobic mesophilic bacteria, Escherichia coli, and spore-forming bacteria were determined according to accredited culture methods. Acidic “Foléré” beverage produced by an artisanal processing was sterilized and inoculated by Bacillus cereus T spores and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 cells thermally stressed by pre-incubation at 10°C, 45°C, 50°C or 60°C for 45 min, 90 min and 180 min. The recovery method was used to determine acid pH resistance of both bacteria before and after sublethal thermal processing.

Results: “Foléré” beverage is of poor hygienic quality according to standards, despite its very low pH (2.01). Beverages at pH 2.01 and inoculated by each one of referenced bacteria indicated that the samples which contained thermally stressed bacteria were worse hygienic quality than the same ones which contaminated with unstressed bacteria. Some of recovery percentages of bacteria thermally stressed were significantly higher (P =.05) than those of same bacteria thermally unstressed after acid treatments. That phenomenon was called thermal-induced bacterial acid resistance.

Conclusion: it appeared that some sublethal cold and heat shock treatments (10°C/45 min, 45°C/45 min, 50°C/90 min and 180 min) could negatively affect food quality. So, the control of emergence and evolution of stress-resistant bacteria in food could help to improve food safety.

Please read full article : - www.journalmrji.com

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Geomorphological Parameters as Correlates of Channel Erosion in River Ajilosun in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti, Nigeria

The paper examined the relationship between geomorphological parameters and channel erosion in River Ajilosun in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Data on geomorphological parameters and channel erosion of the River Ajilosun were generated through direct field measurements using tape measure, ranging pole and a piece of flat board. Some of the variables were also derived through simple linear mathematical relationships. Analysis of the various data was done with both descriptive and inferential techniques. The result of the analysis showed that channel erosion exhibited spatial variation across and along the longitudinal profiles of River Ajilosun and also between the concrete-channelised and the alluvial reaches of the river. The result of the analysis also revealed both positive and negative correlations between the geomorphological parameters and channel erosion in the river. The measures suggested for controlling channel erosion in River Ajilosun included effective channel and slope management, improvement of the channel capacity retention of channel bank vegetation and protection of the valley side vegetation among others.

Please read full article : - www.journaljgeesi.com

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Factors Influencing Adherence to Anti-retroviral Therapy among Persons Living with HIV/AIDS in Enugu State Southeast Nigeria

Background: The Acquired Immune – deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a terminal illness caused by a retrovirus known as the Human Immune-deficiency virus (HIV). HIV/AIDS is a leading cause of death in sub-saharan Africa. Nigeria has the second largest HIV epidemic in the world and one of the highest rates of new infection in sub-Saharan Africa with 1.9 million people living HIV in 2018. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has significantly reduced morbidity and mortality, prolonged life expectancy and improved quality of life among people living with HIV/AIDS infection (PLWHA). To be most effective ART requires a near perfect level of adherence. Poor adherence compromises treatment effectiveness, leading to treatment failure and development of drug resistance. Non-adherence is also characterized by increased morbidity, mortality and great economic loss.

This study assessed the effect of health education on factors influencing adherence to ART among PLWHAs in Enugu State.

Methodology: A health education intervention was carried out among 312 persons living with HIV/AIDS receiving ART in Enugu metropolis to improve their perception and adherence to antiretroviral therapy.

A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 312 people living with HIV/AIDS (156 each in the study and control groups), who were selected by multistage sampling. Subsequently, health education was conducted among the study group. Three months after this intervention its effects were assessed through a survey using the same structured questionnaires employed in the baseline survey.

Results: Knowledge of supportive and limiting factors of adherence improved significantly among the study group than the controls post-intervention (P<0.001). The factors that facilitated adherence included follow-up visits, adequate information education/counseling and supportive relationships. The limiting factors were drug side-effects, forgetfulness, finance and travel time to clinic.

Conclusion: Health education improved knowledge of supportive factors of ART adherence among PLWHAs in Enugu State, and this should be promoted.

Please read full article : - www.journalijtdh.com

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Analytical Solution of the Complex Polymer Equation Systems via the Homogeneous Balance Method

In this article, we solve analytically the nonlinear Doubly Dispersive Equation (DDE) in (1+1)-D by the homogeneous balance method, introduced to investigate the strain waves propagating in a cylindrical rod in complex polymer systems. The linear dispersion relation plays important role in connecting the frequency of the emitted nonlinear waves with the wave number of the ablating laser beam affecting the polymers with their characteristic parameters. In accordance with the normal dispersion conditions, the resulting solitary wave solutions show the compression characters in the nonlinearly elastic materials namely Polystyrene (PS) and PolyMethylMethAcrylate (PMMA). The ratio between the estimated potential and kinetic energies shows good agreement with the physical situation, and as well in making comparisons with the bell-shaped model conducted in the literature.

Please read full article : - www.journalpsij.com

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Otorhinolaryngological Disorders Implicated in Facial Nerve Paralysis in a Tertiary Hospital in Port Harcourt

Background: It is not all facial nerve palsy that presents to the otorhinolaryngologist that is Bell’s palsy; therefore there is a need for proper evaluation of these patients. This study is to determine the pattern and prvalence of otorhinolaryngologic disorders associated with facial nerve paralysis.

Aim: To determine the prevalence and pattern of otorhinological disorders implicated in facial nerve paralysis in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital.

Patients and Methods: Study design: This was a hospital-based descriptive study. The patients diagnosed with facial nerve paralysis seen in the Ear Nose and Throat surgery and Physiotherapy departments of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH) from January 2014 to December 2018 were collated and those among them with associated otorhinolaryngological disorders were recruited and studied. Data on patient demographics, presenting complaints and ear nose and throat disorders were sought from the case files, clinic and ward registers. Data entry was done using Microsoft Excel and exported to United States CDC Epi-Info version 7 for data analysis. Frequency tables and appropriate charts were used to present data. Chi square statistics was performed to determine significant differences between demographics of the patients and category of facial nerve palsy patients at alpha level of 0.05.

Results: 76 patients with facial nerve paralysis, twenty one of them were associated with ORL disorder giving a prevalence of 27.6%. Ages below 40 years were the most affected and a slight male preponderance. Acute and chronic otitis media were seen in 33.3% of these patients respectively while Ramsay hunt syndrome and otitis externa were seen in 9.5%. Age and incidence of ORL disorders in these patients had statistical correlation.

Conclusion: ORL disorders associated with facial paralysis are still prevalent and otitis media appear to be the most common.

Please read full article : - www.journalajmah.com

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Cannabis, the Plant of the Unlimited Possibilities

This review paper gives an overview of Cannabis Sativa, also known as hemp, which has been cultivated and used century's B.C. due to its medical, hallucinogenic and agricultural properties. Cannabis has been described in 1938 as the billion-dollar plant but has lost its value in the U.S. due to regulatory and legislative issues.

Hemp has seen as new push In the U.S. with the introduction of the 2018 Farm Bill which allows on a federal level to grow hemp, pending on individual state regulations. Currently, industrial hemp production is allowed in at least 38 U.S. States under strict regulations.

Today hemp is used in counties that do not have as strict regulations as the U.S. in a variety of applications such as beauty products, carpets, cooking oil, personal care products and textiles.

Hemp can be considered as an alternative feedstock due to its low lignin and high cellulose level for biofuel application as an alternative to replace petroleum-based fuels and gases.

In the U.S. hemp research in these areas has stalled due to the complexity of the law.

Beside industrial application such as ropes, textiles, shoes, etc., hemp today is used in pharmaceutical and medical applications, by extracting Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabinoids from the leaves and fluorescence of the hemp plant that contain no more than of up to 0.3% of these compounds. The use of hemp plants with higher levels are strictly forbidden in most countries.

Several extraction processes of cannabinoids from hemp are used They all use a solvent for extraction but differ in terms of efficiency, usage range and other factors influencing the extraction.

Nonetheless, overconsumption of cannabis products can be associated with several side effects, that can cause serious physiological and psychological damage in the human body may cause serious damage.

Please read full article : - www.journalair.com

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The Leadership Behavior and Creativity of Sports Coaches with Athletes Satisfactions among Futsal Team in Malaysia Public Universities

This research emphasizes the relationships between leadership behavior and creativity among sports coaches with futsal athletes’ satisfaction. The study uses the Leadership Scale for Sport (LSS) include training and instruction, democratic behavior, autocratic behavior, social support, and positive feedback. The satisfaction considered as the dependent variable in this study and use the Athletes Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ) as the measurement. This study uses quantitative methods with 5-Likert scale measurement. The LSS consists of 40 items as measurement and for creativity, there are about 10 items used. Meanwhile, from the ASQ, there are about 20 items considered as measurement. The subjects of this study are 50 futsal players from public universities in Malaysia. The use of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 25.0 will be carried out in acquisition of the results through reliability test, descriptive analysis, and correlation. The results prove, if the p-value for the items of LSS and creativity is more than 0.01, it will strengthen the significantly positive relationships towards satisfaction. This study found that there is a relationship between Leadership Behavior and Creativity with Futsal Athletes’ Satisfaction.

Please read full article : - www.journalajess.com

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Assessment of Demographic Factors Associated with Falciparum Malaria among Hospital Patients in Zaria, Kaduna State Nigeria

Aim: Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by parasites that belong to the genus Plasmodium. It is responsible for the death of millions of people worldwide. This study was aimed at assessing some demographic factors associated with falciparum malaria among hospital patients in Zaria, Kaduna State Nigeria.

Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out involving three hundred consenting participants. A structured questionnaire was used to obtain demographic data from the participants; blood samples were collected from them and screened for Plasmodium falciparum by Rapid Diagnostic Test. Giemsa stained thick and thin blood films were prepared and examined under the microscope to confirm the presence of the parasite. The data obtained were analyzed and P values ≤0.05 were considered statistically significant.

Results: The prevalence of malaria in males [22.6%] was slightly higher than females [21.7%]. The age group ≤10 had the highest prevalence followed by age groups 31-40 [31%], 11-20 [23.3%], 21-30 [12.6%] and ≥41 [9.1%] [p=0.002]. Participants who were married had higher prevalence [31.1%] than those who were divorced [0.0%] and single [13.2%] [p=0.000].

Conclusion: The research shows that Plasmodium falciparum is still prevalent in the study area. Age and marital status are important determinants of malaria prevalence as highlighted in this study. Children less than 10 years are at high risk for malaria, preventive measures should therefore target this group.

Please read full article : - www.journalsajrm.com

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Effects of Treated Wastewater on Soil Recovery in Degraded Semiarid Region

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of treated wastewater application on soil organic matter and phosphorus recovery in a degraded soil in the semiarid region of Brazil. An experiment was carried out with irrigation of five caatinga forest species, in which three treatments were applied that consisted in the variation of the type and volume of water applied to the soil, being 7 L per week of tap water, 7 and 14 L per week of wastewater. After two years of irrigation, soil samples were taken and analyzed for soil organic matter and phosphorus. The organic matter content in the treatment with 14 L application of wastewater was five times higher than application of tap water in the superficial layer and 8 times higher in the sub-surface, respectively. From the results obtained, it can be considered that the use of wastewater from treated domestic sewage serve as an alternative for the recovery of the productive capacity of the soil by the increase in the organic matter and soil phosphorus contents. Irrigation with treated wastewater can provide a high increase in soil organic matter and phosphorus content up to 30 cm deep.

Please read full article : - www.journaljeai.com

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Spatio-Temporal Variation of Vegetation in Godavari Eastern Delta

Spatial variability in land use changes creates a need for a wide range of applications, including landslide, erosion, land planning, global warming etc. This study presents the analysis of satellite image based on Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in Godavari eastern delta. Four spectral indices were investigated in this study. These indices were NIR (red and near infrared) based NDVI, green and NIR based GVI (Green Vegetation Index), red and NIR based soil adjusted vegetation index (SAVI), and red and NIR based perpendicular vegetation index (PVI). These four indices were investigated for 2011-12 kharif, rabi and 2016-17 kharif, rabi of Godavari eastern delta. Different threshold values of NDVI are used for generating the false colour composite of the classified objects. For this purpose, supervised classification is applied to Landsat images acquired in 2011-12 and 2016-17. Image classification of six reflective bands of two Landsat images is carried out by using maximum likelihood method with the aid of ground truth data obtained from satellite images of 2011-12 and 2016-17. There was 11% and 30% increase in vegetation during kharif and rabi seasons from 2011-12 to 2016-17. The vegetation analysis can be used to provide humanitarian aid, damage assessment in case of unfortunate natural disasters and furthermore to device new protection strategies.

Please read full article : - www.journalcjast.com

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Giant Fungating Cutaneous Myxoma of the Head and Neck: An Unusual Presentation

Introduction: Virchow first describes Myxomas in 1871; they are benign tumors of primitive indifferent mesenchyme that have preference for the cardiac muscles, genitourinary tract, gastrointestinal tract, liver and spleen. The rarity of the tumor, especially in the head and neck region makes us to report this case.

Case Report: A 16-year-old male secondary student who presented with a 9-year history of painless progressive submandibular swelling, no extension to the mouth. Examination revealed a huge fungating submandibular mass, 20 cm x 16 cm x10 cm in dimension, mobile, non-tender and firm in consistency. Other findings were unremarkable, and routine hematological and biochemical tests were all within normal limits. He subsequently had excision of the mass (weighs 950 g) under general anesthesia via an elective tracheostomy with split thickness skin grafting of the exposed strap muscles. Histopathological report revealed cutaneous myxoma.

Conclusion: Cutaneous myxoma of the Head and Neck region is presented for its rarity, and although is a histologically benign neoplasm, treatment is extremely challenging with high incidence of recurrence.

Please read full article : - www.journaljcti.com

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Role of Fenugreek Seeds on both Ovarian and Vaginal Cytology on Rat's Reproductive System: Histological Review

Background: Reports in the published literature indicate that fenugreek seeds possess significant medicinal effects. The present review showed that fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum-graecum L) seeds contain rich number of steroids and have an estrogen and progestogen like effect.

Objective: Objective of this review was to evaluate the effects of fenugreek seeds on rat’s reproductive system.

Conclusion: This review revealed that that fenugreek seeds contain estrogen like action.

Please read full article : - www.journalajrru.com

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Prevalence of HIV Infection among Adolescents and Young People at a Tertiary Health Facility in Ekiti State, Southwest, Nigeria

Background: Nine out of every 10 of the world’s 1.8 billion adolescents and young people (AYP) live in developing nations, Nigeria inclusive. In Nigeria as in the rest of sub-Saharan Africa, 1 out of every 3 persons is an adolescent or a young person. As at 2016, there were about 240, 000 AY) aged 10-19 years in Nigeria, which roughly makes 7% of the total number of people living with HIV (PLWH) in Nigeria. According to 2017 national survey, about 70% of the country’s AYP lack knowledge of how HIV is transmitted or how it can be prevented. Since AYP, aged 10-19 years, constitute a significant proportion of the nation’s burgeoning population, it is very important and critical to fully understand the dynamics of the HIV epidemic among AYP. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of HIV among AYP at a tertiary health facility in Ekiti State, Southwest Nigeria and comparing it with national and regional prevalence among same group.

Methodology: The study was a retrospective study of AYP, aged 13-20 years at Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Southwest Nigeria. Convenience and consecutive sampling method was used in retrieving subjects’ data. One hundred subjects whose ages were between 13 and 20 years were consecutively sampled over a period of six months, July to December, 2018.

Results: Out of the one hundred subjects retrospectively sampled, 46 (46%) were males, while 54 (54%) were females. Four (4%) of the subjects were 13 years of age, while 6(6%), 5(5%), 8(8%), 27(27%), 17(17%), 12(12%) and 21(21%) respectively were aged 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 and 20 years. Three (3%) of the subjects were positive to HIV, 1 (%) was male, while 2 (20%) were female, thus giving a sero-prevalence rate of 3%. Disaggregation of the positive subjects reveals that 33.3% were male, while 66.7% were females.

Conclusion: Though the general prevalence of HIV in Ekiti State ranks among the lowest in Nigeria, group-specific interventions targeting the AYP should be put in place in the State to address the disproportionately high prevalence among the AYP in the State.

Please read full article : - www.journalijpr.com

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A Comprehensive Review on Status of Solar PV Growth in Uganda

Uganda is faced with a challenge of huge energy deficit just like many other developing countries in Africa. Currently, only 26.7% of the total population has access to electricity. Energy being the life – blood of any growing economy, subsequent endeavors and strategies need to be put in place in order to expand the use of renewable energies for socio-economic development and environmental sustainability. Uganda being endowed with plenty of solar energy resource, its role in achieving national ambitions of Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) cannot be underestimated. This paper therefore reviews the growth of Solar Photovoltaics (PV) in Uganda that was birthed in the 1980’s and continues to mature steadily today contributing 4.24%(50MW) to the national grid with several un documented off – grid systems. This progress has been realized under different market segments inclusive of the pico and macro solar home systems, Institutional PV, mini-grids, telecommunications and street lighting. Notwithstanding the prevalent challenges, there are numerous existing opportunities for solar PV development consisting of the financial, environmental, Institutional and the socio-economic factors. With more government and different stakeholder engagement however, this growth in the country could be accelerated further as the costs of the technology continue to plummet.

Please read full article : - www.journaljenrr.com

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A Preliminary Study on the Batraco-herpetological Fauna in the Forest Refuge of Albertine Rift, the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Aims: Amphibians and reptiles of the Albertine Rift in the Congolese part of the country are poorly documented. The objective of this research was to perform a preliminary inventory of the diversity of amphibians and reptiles in the region.

Study Design: This study was designed following scientific expeditions related to studies on chimpanzees. Litterature search revealed that amphibians and reptiles are poorly documented in these habitats.

Place and Duration of Study: Amphibians and reptiles were collected in 12 days between April and May 2017 in Dzu (N01.94753°; E030.88848°), Dzoo (N01.92742°; E030.89179°), Nzerku 3 (N01.94119°; E030.90612°) and Nzonzo (N01.90352°; E30.91030°).

Methodology: To collect amphibians and reptiles, we used the most minimally invasive method. This method consists of capturing 1 specimen for a known species and a maximum of 5 specimens for those for an unknown species. The surplus specimens were released into their environment. During the night between 7 pm and 9 pm, amphibians were captured by hand using a flashlight. Snakes had been captured using the snake stick. All captured specimens were scanned with a camera and then identified using amphibian and snake species identification keys. Necropsies (tongue and muscle tissue) stored in Eppendorf tubes containing alcohol (90-75%). Specimens had been fixed with formaldehyde (10%), before being preserved in alcohol (75%) in the long term. Tissues were shipped for molecular analysis to the University of Texas (United States).

Results: In the four study sites, 149 amphibian specimens were collected, consisting of 19 species, 9 genera and 8 families. According to the reptiles, 27 specimens divided into 21 species grouped into 19 genera and 11 families were recorded.

Conclusion: The batraco-herpetological fauna in the Albertine Rift in Ituri province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is rich and diversified, hence this deserves the attention of other researchers.

Please read full article : - www.journalajriz.com

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Variability, Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis: Principle Tools to Explore Genotypes of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.)

To lessen the pressure on staple crops and to combat hidden hunger, vegetable production is the key to success. Massive studies should be conducted regarding genotype selection to gain the desired yield to overcome these global problems. Brinjal is gaining popularity not only as a vegetable crop but also for its medicinal value. Despite this, the yield and nutritional potentials of brinjal genotypes remain underexploited in many parts of the world. In this study, brinjal genotypes were explored through genetic variability, correlation, and path coefficient analysis to combine yield along with yield contributing variables. Ten quantitative characters of twelve genotypes in a completely randomized design were investigated in this research work at Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh, from October 2013 to March 2014. In this study, PCV was found slightly higher than the GCV, which suggested the influence of the environment on the variability of these traits. Characters with a lower difference in GCV and PCV value could be improved by following phenotypic selection. Broad-sense heritability, coupled with moderate to low genetic advance was recorded in fruit length, average fruit weight, plant height and days to maturity. These traits were proposing the predominance of additive gene action. Days to first flowering, secondary branches per plant, fruit length and fruit diameter exhibited positive genotypic correlation with fruit yield per plant. In the case of path analysis, secondary branches per plant proposed maximum direct effect on the yield on both genotypic and phenotypic level followed by average fruit weight and fruit length. To explore interrelations among brinjal genotypes for gaining optimum yield variability, correlation and path coefficient analysis act as prime tools for which this study was conducted.

Please read full article : - www.journalajbge.com

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Antibiotics Susceptibility Study of Staphylococcus aureus Isolates from Dry Catfish Sold in Some Open Markets in Zaria - Nigeria

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the antibiotics susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from dry catfish sold in some open markets in Zaria.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, from December 2017 to February 2019.

Methodology: Two hundred dry catfish samples were collected aseptically, wrapped in foil paper, packaged in clean polyethylene bags from open markets in Zaria and analysed by standard microbiological methods. Antibiotics susceptibility of the isolates was tested using the disc diffusion method. Eight antibiotics belonging to eight classes were employed in the study. The β-lactamase test was done using the acidimetric method while the plasmid curing was done by exposing the multidrug resistant isolates to varying concentrations of acridine orange in Mueller Hinton broth.

Results: From the 200 samples of dry catfish, 138 presumptive staphylococcal isolates were obtained. Amongst the 138 staphylococcal isolates out of which 109 (79%) were confirmed as Staphylococcus aureus by Microgen Staph ID kits. The susceptibility test showed that 46.8% of the S. aureus isolates were multidrug resistant. The isolates were sensitive to Gentamicin (100.0%) and Vancomycin (100.0%). The phenotypic expression of resistance showed that 27.8% of isolates were resistant to Cefoxitin, Clindamycin and Linezolid. Eighteen (35.3%) out of the total resistant isolates were β-lactamase producers. From the study, 50% of isolates resistant to Cefoxitin and Clindamycin became sensitive to the drugs after exposure to sub-MIC concentration of acridine orange solution.

Conclusion: This study showed that some S. aureus isolates from dry catfish in this study were resistant to commonly used antibiotics in the study area whereas others were sensitive this may be because of the use of these drugs in animal feeds.

Please read full article : - www.journalsajrm.com

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Virtual Synchronous Machines: The Future of Grid Integration

This paper is aimed to present an insight into the challenges that the power transmission infrastructure faces in terms of stability and operability due to integration of renewable energy on a large scale. Furthermore, the available mitigation strategies are discussed and various stability measures are discussed in detail with reference to the published papers to list out a comprehensive analysis.

Please read full article : - www.journaljenrr.com
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Implementation of Java Based Racing Game, Pirate Race, Using Runnable Interface

Nowadays Java has become the most popular programming language that has been designed to develop desktop applications that run on Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of computer architecture. Particularly, Java is useful for developing Game Applications. Implementing these applications is an effective educational way to encourage Java Learners. This paper aims to develop a desktop racing game to motivate freshmen who self-identity as creative or who wants to implement their own 2D racing games rather than a prescribed activity. It brings fun and simplicity of the game ‘Pirate Race’ with new features. This game was developed with the Runnable Interface by extending the JFrame and the movement of the objects in the frame was controlled by keyboard events. ‘Pirate Race’, is a simple game application that targets Java Learners to understand how usable classes and interfaces can be handled in a relatively short time. The application presents a graphical user interface with 2D graphical images having different file types (GIF, PNG, JPG) and with a background sound. The application allows the user to move the ship by pressing the (up, down, left, right) keys of the keyboard. The user’s goal is to compete with the other two pirate ships and finish the race with the first rank. When racing with opponents, the user must take correct moves to prevent the ship from crashing with ice mountain that resides in the sea. The game contains simple controls that can be easily caught by children. Therefore, it is suitable for players of the ages three and up. This will be a challenging and interesting game for children who likes to play computer games.

Please read full article : - www.journalajrcos.com

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A Comparative Analytical Study on Two Types of Sharibadi Decoctions: An Ayurveda Preparation

Aim: The present study aimed to compare the Sharibadi decoction which was prepared in two different ways. Sharibadi decoction A: All the ingredients are available including a local variety of H. indicus and Indian variety of H. indicus. Sharibadi decoction B: All the ingredients are available except the local variety of H. indicus and double the amount of Indian variety of H. indicus.

Methodology: Phytochemical (in terms of secondary metabolites and Thin Layer Fingerprint profiles) and Physico-chemical (in terms of ash values and extractable matter) analyses were carried out to compare the Sharibadi decoction A with the Sharibadi decoction B.

Results: Comparison of phytochemicals and Thin Layer Fingerprint profile of Sharibadi decoction A with that of Sharibadi decoction B revealed the differences in phytochemical compound/s presence in both decoctions. However, Physico-chemical parameters of Sharibadi decoction A were almost similar to that of Sharibadi decoction B.

Conclusion: Absence of local variety of H. indicus gives an impact on phytochemical constituents rather than Physico-chemical parameters of Sharibadi decoction. However, phytochemicals play a major role when a drug exhibits its therapeutic effect/s. Therefore, to get the best therapeutic effect of Sharibadi decoction, both local variety of H. indicus and Indian variety of H. indicus should be used with other ingredients.

Please read full article : - www.journaljocamr.com

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